Assessing, assessments,and feedback…

Boulet JR, Jeffries PR, Hatala RA, Korndorffer JR, . Feinstein DM, Roche JP. Research Regarding Methods of Assessing Learning Outcomes Sim Healthcare 6:548-551,2011
Simulation based assessments are used for both formative and summative assessments of healthcare providers. The objective of this article was to look at how their use is supported and to provide direction in the form of consensus recommendations for research. . They delve into “the four components of Kane’s inferential chain –Scoring, Generalization, Extrapolation, and Decision/Interpretation.” The importance of the need for reliability as well as validity of simulation based assessments is emphasized within a brief review of existing research (as of 2011) and opportunities for additional work. Their recommendations target five areas for research which include measurement error, developing scoring rubrics, supporting the underlying theories for learning with simulation, translation of simulation based learning to the clinical environment, and the impact of implementing these assessments for healthcare.