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School of Medicine discoveries

October 2018 Archives

25
2018

From 2 percent to 50 percent: 100 years of change

What a difference a century makes! Knowing the School of Medicine’s modern day 50-50 mix of men and women – right in sync with national numbers – it’s startling to remember that the first female medical students didn’t arrive on campus till 1918, three women among a class of 42.

At the time, 80 years after the school’s founding, admitting women to medical school was intended as a stopgap measure resulting from the dearth of available male applicants during World War I. As it turned out, women made excellent students and physicians. Whether they were actually welcome to the party during the next 10 decades varied considerably from person to person.

Share your story with us at MedAlum@vcu.edu

While there is work left to do, as president of the WISDM (Women in Science, Dentistry and Medicine) faculty organization, Sanford points to a century’s worth of women who have paved the way by working toward acceptance as professional equals and, ultimately, recog-nizing that “You can have it all, but not without help.”

Women comprised as little as 2 percent and as much as 13 percent of each graduating class till about 1980, when the number jumped to 30 percent and continued to climb. That’s primarily because the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics was advising college career counselors to expand their range of recommended occupations for women. Traditional fields could not absorb the increased number of college graduates. Thus enrollment in professional (and traditionally male) programs saw unprecedented numbers of female applicants. Added to that were 1960s racial unrest, antiwar sentiment and student activism, fueling young people’s interest in careers involving public service. Fast forward to 2018. “The percentage of women entering medical school today is a huge accomplishment,” says Kimberly Sanford, M’01, H’06.

Sanford is an associate professor in the School of Medicine’s Department of Pathology with educational and clinical responsibilities. “Women have reached equality in terms of the number accepted into medical school nationally,” she says. “But we do not see that same acceptance into upper-level or executive medical positions. In addition, there are still problems with inappropriate behaviors and comments of a sexual nature directed to women. These two issues are the biggest problems facing us today.”

To pay tribute to these trailblazers who’ve made their alma mater proud, we talked to School of Medicine alumnae from the past seven decades. Some of their experiences will sound familiar; others will not. Ironically, the racial unrest and prejudice that inspired some students to go into medicine also created major issues for black female students, the first of whom was admitted in 1951. Many thanks to the following alumnae for sharing their individual perspectives. They represent thousands of accomplished women, pioneers in a profession that had been closed to them for hundreds of years.

DOROTHY URBAN WRIGHT, M’56, Syracuse, New York
Dorothy Urban Wright M'56

The first time Wright noticed disparate treatment for women was when classmates divided into homecall groups. “Boys who I thought were fond of me didn’t want me in their group,” she says. That came as a surprise.

In general, however, Wright was more conscious of racial discrimination in the segregated South than of gender disparities. Blood banks, for example, were separate.

As third year ended, she and her husband, neurologist A. WILLIAM WRIGHT, M’53, welcomed a baby boy. Because men weren’t traditionally encouraged to do housework, it was only late in the evening, after cooking and cleaning, that she could study.

Following an internship, Wright settled into her career as a pediatrician. “I have a lot of guilt about leaving the four children with caregivers. Eventually, they allowed people to do residencies part-time, which would have been ideal.”

Wright, whose husband died in 2004, retired from practice at age 80. “I still miss it terribly,” she says. “It’s in the blood.” But her legacy continues. Before retiring, Wright began a palliative care unit at her hospital, where she still volunteers. And her daughter – who at age 16 accompanied her parents to Haiti for a monthlong mission at Albert Schweitzer Hospital – is now a physician.

 

MARGARET “PEGGY” ZEE JONES, M’61, H’66, East Lansing, Michigan & Gainesville, Florida
YVONNECRIS SMITH VEAL, M’62, St. Albans, New York

Margaret Zee Jones, M'61

Margaret Zee Jones, M’61

Jones recalls an uncomfortable discussion with her undergraduate alma mater’s dean of medicine, who said, “We always take a few women students to improve the decorum of the class.”

Instead, she matriculated at MCV, where she found that most students and professors were absorbed in their work and their lives. “They weren’t involved in making life difficult for others.”

But years later, Jones worries that her own preoccupations blinded her to the difficulties faced by Veal, her only black female classmate.

After Jones married JOHN W. “JACK” JONES, M’57, H’61, she felt classmates were acting a bit distant. But her experience didn’t compare with Veal’s, who found that her gender or race – or both – could be problematic.

Veal recalls receiving markedly different treatment from two male professors, one of whom would not pass her after second year. Graduation was delayed, and funding was difficult.

“You can hurt me for just a little while,” Veal philosophizes, “but you’ll never stop me from trying to do what I feel is right.” Still, it did hurt when it came time to select home-call groups, and the men exercised their option of refusing a woman or black student. That hadn’t changed since Dorothy Wright’s experience in the ’50s.

Yvonnecris Smith Veal, M'62

Yvonnecris Smith Veal, M’62

Fortunately, there were exceptions among Veal’s fellow students, like Jones, whom Veal remembers as “nice and helpful.” When some classmates changed seats rather than sit next to Veal, Jones would come and sit beside her.

Veal found neither gender nor race to be issues as she entered her practice in New York. She was named a fellow of the New York Academy of Medicine in 1996. In 2009, she retired as senior medical director for the U.S. Postal Service from a career that included serving as president of the National Medical Association, the largest and oldest national organization predominantly representing physicians and patients of African-American descent.

Jones, who retired after 30 years as professor of neuropathology at Michigan State University, earned her M.Div. degree and spent several years as a board-certified hospice chaplain and ordained elder in the United Methodist Church.

Nearly six decades after graduating, the two former classmates have reconnected, to their mutual excitement. Jones still wishes she had been more fully aware of Veal’s circumstances. “Peggy,” Veal responds, “graduating with an M.D. degree from MCV is one of my proudest life accomplishments. And yes, you were part of my sustaining recipe.”

 

REBECCA M. “BECKY” BIGONEY, M’79, H’83, Fredericksburg, Virginia

A college guidance counselor advised Bigoney, who had wedding plans, not to tell medical school admissions committees for fear of rejection.

Becky Bigoney, M'79

“There was a fair amount of feminist sentiment, but it was still very sexist,” Bigoney says of the ’70s.

Once Bigoney arrived on campus, she says, “Women had a sense of camaraderie and feeling fortunate we got in.” That’s also around the time applications started climbing.

In the classroom, Bigoney recalls, “You were on your own. You sank or swam on your own merit.” If a professor made a questionable comment or exhibited behavior that was construed as sexist – such as the anatomy professor who used photos of Playboy Bunnies as illustration – female students felt free to “get angry, shout them down or walk out.”

Classmates were respectful and friendly, and the female faculty she knew were accomplished yet approachable. But the expectation was that “women would go the community or practice route rather than academe.”

An internal medicine physician, Bigoney credits J. THOMAS RYAN, M’72, H’75, as a mentor who encouraged her to volunteer for leadership assignments. Her career more recently took an unexpected but satisfying turn when she accepted the first administrative position leading to her current role as executive vice president and chief medical officer for Mary Washington Healthcare.

 

JACALYN B. BLACKWELL-WHITE, M’84, Windsor Mill, Maryland

When Blackwell-White applied to medical school, she was about 10 years older than the typical first-year student. Discouraged by a professor in pre-med, she had switched to psychology.

Jacalyn Blackwell-White, M’84, at graduation with her mother.

Jacalyn Blackwell-White, M’84, at graduation with her mother.

But still wanting to be a physician — and despite hearing that medical schools “don’t want you encumbered” (i.e., married with children) – she requested an interview.

“MCV had a reputation as being a good ol’ boys school,” recalls Blackwell-White. As an African-American, her heart sank when she met the interviewer. “He looked so much like Col. Sanders!”

Instead of discouraging her, however, then-Dean of Admissions MILES HENCH, PH.D., was encouraging … and honest. “He looked at me and said something like, ‘You have a hard road to travel. But if you really want to do this, put in an application!’”

Hench and others on campus were supportive of the few African-American students, and Blackwell-White doesn’t recall negativity from classmates.

That wasn’t always true of faculty or patients; as Yvonnecris Smith Veal had found in the ’60s, it was hard to tell if they were reacting to Blackwell-White’s gender, race or both. Occasionally patients weren’t keen on her treating them. She was delighted whenever she changed their minds. One such patient at the McGuire VA Medical Center, after she worked with him, “even gave me a gift!”

Following an internship and residency in Massachusetts, she returned home to Maryland as a practicing pediatrician.

 

LIBBY Y. KOT, M’94, Hattiesburg, Mississippi

As a female medical student in the early 1990s, Kot “didn’t feel any distinction at all. The faculty were there to teach you. They had a vested interest in producing good doctors.

Libby Kot, M'94, with husband James Kot, M'94.

Libby Kot, M’94, with husband James Kot, M’94.

“You have to be able to function under stress, but I met the most amazing people!”

Those amazing people included her husband-to-be, cardiothoracic surgeon JAMES KOT, M’94. Their whirlwind fourth year included matching, graduating and getting married, all within a matter of weeks, then moving to New Orleans, where she completed her OB-GYN training under TOM NOLAN, M’77.

It wasn’t till she began practicing in Mississippi that Kot saw a difference in attitude. “New Orleans is such a mishmash, nobody thought twice about gender,” she says. “But here in Hattiesburg, it was more traditional, with disproportionately fewer female physicians.”

Or maybe, she speculates, it was more evident in community hospitals than in academic medical centers. In 2001, she was one of two women OBGYNs among 300 full-time physicians at Hattiesburg Clinic. For patients, “the thought of seeing a female OB-GYN seemed weird at the time.”

Now, she says, “The younger generation seems to prefer female gynecologists. And at the clinic, about 45 of our 350 full-time physicians are women.”

 

ELIZABETH “LIBBY” SHERWIN, M’05, Washington, D.C.

By the time Sherwin hit campus in the early 2000s, medical school classes were approaching 50-50 in terms of gender.

Libby Sherwin, M'05 (left), and Becca Clary, M'05, on their White Coat Ceremony day, 2001

Libby Sherwin, M’05 (left), and Becca Clary, M’05, on their White Coat Ceremony day, 2001

She feels fortunate in having quickly found a group of eight “really tight, really amazing women who are great role models and still some of my best friends.”

The group worked and studied well together; competition was not a factor. Though Sherwin has experienced gender differences at times throughout her medical career, she does not recall gender bias or significant differences during medical school. She appreciated the support of great faculty mentors, including the now-retired CYNTHIA HELDBERG, PH.D., associate dean for admissions, and LINDA COSTANZO, PH.D., who was then assistant dean for pre-clinical medical education.

Since becoming an attending physician and practicing at different hospitals, she has heard male colleagues say they’re aware that women have to work two to three times as hard to be seen as equals.

A pediatric cardiologist and electrophysiologist with Children’s National Health System, she notes practical differences still exist, such as making allowances for women who are breastfeeding. “It’s not negative, it’s just reality.”

Last year, her tight-knit medical school group attended her wedding. Missing was REBECCA CLARY HARRIS, M’05, who died in 2007. Inspired by Harris’ example, the group created a scholarship in her name. “Her personality and light should live on,” Sherwin says.

 

ESTHER M. JOHNSTON, M’11, Seattle, Washington

Esther Johnson, M'11

Esther Johnson, M’11

Reflecting on her medical school years, Johnston doesn’t remember her gender being the dominant force impacting her education. “In fact, from my graduating class – thinking of historically male-dominated professions like surgery – that year, the surgical intern class was all female!”

Johnston is director of family medicine programs and interim chief medical officer for Seed Global Health.

The challenges faced by today’s women in the workplace, she feels, are often structurally and societally based. “When female physicians have children, the lost time and lack of resources can set women back.”

She does see a difference in how people perceive female leaders in the medical profession and hopes that will change over time. Citing the Implicit Association Test, which measures hidden gender and racial bias, Johnston says, “When we take the effort to make ourselves aware of biases, then we make the effort to change them.”

Be it classroom or workplace, that’s how progress is made.

EDITOR’S NOTE
In honor of the medical school’s 100 years of women, 12th & Marshall is pleased to share these alumnae stories. We appreciate that they were frank with us, telling us about both the good and the bad. Your experience might have differed. We hope you, too, will share your story with us at MedAlum@vcu.edu. As our alumnae noted, they are grateful for the opportunity to have studied medicine. But gender discrimination and sexual harassment have been and continue to be issues in medicine just as in society. We hope all of our readers will take the challenge offered by ESTHER JOHNSTON, M’11, to be aware of our biases and change them. Recent reports from the AMA, the National Academy of Sciences and others shed light on the issue and offer guidance in addressing it:

JAMA Perspective: Sexual Harassment in Medicine — #MeToo
AMA Wire: Medicine must address #MeToo moment—and beyond
ACP Hospitalist: Medicine’s #MeToo movement
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine: 2018 report Sexual Harassment of Women: Climate, Culture and Consequences in Academic Sciences, Engineering and Medicine
Implicit Association Test measures the strength of associations between concepts and evaluations or stereotypes

24
2018

Women who led the way

A love of math and statistics drew these alumnae to VCU – and laid the foundation for diverse, engagingly challenging, meaningful and rewarding careers.

In a companion story, learn from 8 guiding principles they shared with 12th & Marshall.

 

Jenna Elder PhD

“You can create your own perfect job in this industry.”

Growing up in the tiny hamlet of Keysville, Virginia, Jenna Elder, PhD’96 (BIOS), dreamed of becoming a math teacher – until a student-teaching practicum in college changed her mind and set her on an unanticipated new path. Today she is chief scientific officer at PharPoint Research, a contract research organization she co-founded. “It’s the coolest,” she says of working in a CRO. “You get to do a variety of things, and that’s what keeps it interesting.”

 

Chris Gennings PhD

“I feel like I’m in the right place at the right time.”

Formerly a professor in the Department of Biostatistics at VCU, Chris Gennings, PhD’86 (BIOS), joined the faculty at Mount Sinai in New York in 2014, where she is chief of the division of biostatistics and a research professor at the Icahn School of Medicine. On taking the leap to her new role she says, “It really was an opportunity to come up here. All the work that I have done over my career, I am able to use in a way that I really like.”

 

Janice Grechko PhD

“The questions we are trying to find answers to … are so desperately important.”

The first woman to earn a Ph.D. in VCU’s Department of Biostatistics, Janis Goodlow Grechko, PhD’84 (BIOS), says that every day still brings new learning for her. Vice president for quantitative sciences at Alexion Pharmaceuticals – which specializes in developing medications for rare diseases – Grechko says, “Our challenge is to fail as soon as we can,” to keep refocusing research in pursuit of eventual success.

 

Sally Hunsberger PhD

“Working at the NIH has been a perfect fit for me.”

A math and biology major in college, Sally Hunsberger, PhD’90 (BIOS), “always thought I was going to have to choose between them” until she met a biostatistician during a college summer internship. Today she’s a mathematical statistician in the Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at the NIH, where a deeply collaborative ethic, she says, supports “working together to attack the most important science problems for our country.”

 

 

Anne Lindblad PhD

“What’s important is that you have a passion for what you are doing.”

President of the Emmes Corporation, a CRO based in Maryland, Anne Lindblad, MS’81 (BIOS), earned her Ph.D. at George Washington University after a summer position at Emmes became permanent. With 650 employees worldwide, Emmes works in areas from oncology to transplantation to autoimmune disease. “Our whole mission and purpose,” she says, “is to be part of bringing better treatments to patients faster.”

24
2018

8 guiding principles from 5 senior scientists

The first woman to earn a master’s from the VCU Department of Biostatistics graduated in 1973 and the first to earn a Ph.D. graduated in 1984; today women represent more than half of the 39 part- and full-time students pursuing studies in the department’s three M.S. and two Ph.D. programs.

For this issue, 12th & Marshall asked some of the alumnae who led the way and who have built distinguished careers for their advice to those following the path they blazed.

1. STEP UP – EVEN WHEN THERE ARE NO GUARANTEES

After joining a contract research organization early in her career, JENNA ELDER, PHD’96 rose from being the first woman hired as a statistician at the company to leading her department of 26. Leaving to launch her own consulting business was a risk. “I was the breadwinner in our family,” she says. “I was making good money, and I was going to give all of that up for no guarantee. And that was scary.” On her first day working for herself, however, she landed her first consulting client, and within a little more than a year she made another move to co-found her own CRO – it’s since grown to over 100 employees. Working in a CRO “is a great path,” she says, “for somebody who likes to be challenged.”

ANNE LINDBLAD, MS’81, confirms that every step he has taken in her professional life, from pursuing her Ph.D. to assuming her current role as president of her company, has represented a willingness to push outside her comfort zone. “When opportunities come up, don’t be afraid – when the door opens, walk through it,” she says. “Sometimes you may fail, but that’s OK – you’re going to learn a lot from it.”

2. FIND A MENTOR, BE A MENTOR

SALLY HUNSBERGER, PHD’90, remembers how important it was, early in her career, that others “were looking out for me,” she says. When colleagues invited her to get involved with their projects, “just being invited to collaborate with them and to watch how they attacked a problem – to let me experience a lot of different things without putting me in the hot seat – was really important.”

What she also took away from those experiences was a valuable model to emulate. “What I really liked was when I saw people treating people with respect.” Trust and respect “are hugely important in doing good research,” she says.

Today, she looks to offer others that same support she received. When you’re swamped with your own work, “pulling in somebody new can feel like so much more work,” she acknowledges – but making the effort makes a difference.

3. BE SOMEONE PEOPLE WANT TO WORK WITH

“One of the greatest keys to success is to collaborate with all the smart people around you,” JANIS GOODLOW GRECHKO, PHD’84, says. In her field of pharmaceutical drug development, “almost everything is done in the context of a team. You have to talk with all of those people and understand all of the implications of every decision that you make and every option that you have in front of you.”

“Interdisciplinary teams really can do better,” CHRIS GENNINGS, PHD’86, confirms. Not only does collaboration make the work more rewarding and enjoyable but, she, says it also makes the results better. “Everybody is helping each other improve their own interest and research.”

Notes Elder, “People always remember somebody who does great work.”

4. YOU NEED TO LOVE LEARNING

After decades in her field, Grechko says, her work has never become stale – and it challenges her every day. “The science is evolving so rapidly that you are rarely doing the same thing twice. You can’t sit back and get comfortable – you have to just continue to learn all the way through.”

Elder agrees that while “learning something new is interesting to me,” the challenges can go beyond science. “I went to graduate school to be a biostatistician,” she says. But in her role at her CRO, “I have had to learn how to rent office space and deal with hiring and firing. All those things I was not prepared for, I have had to learn on my own.”

5. IT’S OK NOT TO KNOW

Early in her career, Hunsberger says, “I felt that I couldn’t make mistakes, I couldn’t say something ‘dumb’ in a meeting, which held me back.” What she knows now, however, is that “In meetings we can’t be afraid of what we may think are  ‘dumb’ questions,” – because you might just be asking that question “in a different way that others haven’t thought about.”

“I would encourage anybody to bring forth their own ideas without fear,” Lindblad agrees. And when you don’t know what to do, asking for help by presenting your thoughts on the problem – “These are some of the things I’ve thought about, and why” – is better than simply saying “I’m not sure what to do.” Better solutions, she says, are found when everyone brings their ideas to the table.

6. SPEAK UP FOR YOURSELF AND FOR SCIENCE

While the number of women earning Ph.D.s in STEM disciplines continues to grow, men still outnumber women in fields such as math and statistics – and in positions of leadership. That imbalance makes it all the more important for women to express confidence in their knowledge.

Hunsberger notes that the NIH is “a very supportive environment” for women. Nevertheless, in her career, “I have been in meetings where I will say something and it’s ignored and a man beside me will say the same thing and it’s taken as a great idea,” she says. In another meeting, a man kept shouting over her. “My voice literally could not be heard,” she says. Finally she stood her ground and told him, “Just because you are louder than me doesn’t mean your voice is more important than mine.”

“Make your voice heard,” Gennings agrees. She points out that not only is it essential for women to contribute within their fields, but with the growing threat of science-denial, scientists as a profession need to become more effective at explaining their work to a nonprofessional audience. “Scientists need to do a better job communicating to lay people about science. About what it means and how important it is,” she says.

7. ANTICIPATE REVOLUTIONARY ADVANCES

Personalized medicine, big data, global collaborations – research in human health is in a period of unprecedented new possibilities. In pharmaceutical research and development, for example, “it is a completely different paradigm,” Grechko says. In the past, “you looked for a medicine that worked for the most people” – even if it didn’t work particularly well for many of them. Now, the focus is on finding “that very specific targeted population for whom a given medicine will work extremely well.”

At NIH, Hunsberger collaborates with researchers around the world to address global health threats like influenza or emerging diseases such as Ebola and Nipah virus. She notes how technology advances have made it possible to work with very large amounts of data – enabling advances into new areas of research such as the role of the microbiome in immunology, with “huge data sets that we would never have been able to analyze before.” And in cancer research, “it’s much more about figuring out the specific mutations,” she says. “Can we take the knowledge of a person’s genetics, the mutations in a tumor, and can we find a treatment that targets that specific mutation – that is where the research is going now.”

8. PURSUE WHAT INSPIRES YOU

“What’s important is that you have passion for what you are doing,” Lindblad says. “My advice is to follow something that really gives you energy, and stay curious to learn new things .”

By Caroline Kettlewell

24
2018

Piece of the Past

Twenty years after the closing of Skull and Bones, Edward “Eddie” Shaia can still rattle off the Friday specials like it was yesterday. “Soup of the day was clam chowder. Then we had lake trout, turnip greens and mac ‘n’ cheese.”

Edward Shaia managed the beloved Skull and Bones for 50 years.

Edward Shaia managed
the beloved Skull and
Bones for 50 years. Photography by Kevin Schindler

When Shaia began managing the restaurant with his brother, Richard, in the 1950s, a 6-ounce glass of Coke cost a nickel. He remembers when the supplier tried to upsell them a larger size for 10 cents a glass. “We thought, ‘Who would ever drink that much Coke?'”

Now in the days of Big Gulps and super-sized meals, Skull and Bones is reminiscent of a different era. Lured by fresh limeades and made-from-scratch onion rings, the steady flow of customers made the restaurant an MCV Campus favorite. “Different people would come in to find out what was going on around the hospital and the city,” says Shaia, now 94. “The Skull” was the place to see and be seen.

The restaurant’s seats stayed full with physicians dining on chicken salad sandwiches and homemade soups, medical students drinking those extra thick milkshakes to celebrate passing a test or patients and their families stopping in for a bite after an appointment at the hospital. Lorraine Arias, M’83, remembers one attending physician who held Friday afternoon check-out rounds at Skull and Bones. “And he would always pick up the tab!”

Like many School of Medicine alumni, the restaurant holds a special place in her heart. “During the winter of my M2 year, a group of us got together there and my future husband-to-be and fellow M2 classmate, Jim O’Brien, joined in. After a casual lunch, he and I lingered under the guise of studying, and we’ve been together ever since.”

The couple married in 1982 and frequently met for lunch at Skull and Bones, first when they found themselves on different clinical rotations and later when they lived in an apartment on nearby Clay Street. “Skull and Bones continued to hold a prominent role in our lives.”

This pen and ink drawing was created by Richmond illustrator Eliza B. Askin. She recalls, “My brother was born at MCV while my father, who was a resident at the time, was eating at Skull and Bones. My mother never forgave him!” Both that newborn as well as his brother went on to graduate from the School of Medicine.

This pen and ink drawing was created by Richmond illustrator Eliza B. Askin. She recalls, “My brother was born at MCV while my father, who was a resident at the time, was eating at Skull and Bones. My mother never forgave him!” Both that newborn as well as his brother went on to graduate from the School of Medicine.

Shaia smiles when he hears the story. He knows of at least one couple who got engaged at the restaurant whose popularity spanned generations.

Today, the medical school’s alumni and development officers travel the country (get to know them on page 36); they say Skull and Bones is one of the most common, and cherished, memories shared by alumni. “Everyone has a story about Skull and Bones,” says Amy Lane, director of major gifts in the medical school. “But my favorite is from the Class of 57’s Bill Kinzer. The restaurant was so crowded it forced a chance meeting with his future wife, Kitty, who asked to join him at his two-person table during lunch — and a spark was lit.”

When the restaurant closed in the late 1990s to make way for the Gateway Building, which connects Main Hospital and Nelson Clinic, regular customer and faculty member G. Watson James III, M’43, H’46, even penned a poem: “Let us lament the loss of the SKULL …”

Shaia attributes the restaurant’s success to location, affordable prices, a robust sandwich selection, and yes, those famed onion rings (never frozen) and limeades (he ordered 500 limes a week to satisfy the craving of thirsty customers).

More than that, Skull and Bones was a family affair and customers appreciated the warmth of the Shaia clan. The family recalls how Eddie’s father, Harry, got it all started, opening The Medical Inn on the MCV Campus. Through the Great Depression and over the next few decades, it took various names in various locations, evolving into Skull and Bones at the corner of 12th and Marshall.

Brothers Eddie and Richard carried on the tradition when Harry Shaia semi-retired in the 1950s. Harry died in 1980 and Richard later left to go into real estate, but Eddie stayed and eventually brought on his daughter, Bernadette, to help manage the restaurant. At different points over the years, all of his and wife Marie’s eight children took a turn at working for the family business.

The restaurant’s enduring legacy comes down to its people — generations of the Shaia family who made Skull and Bones the welcoming hot spot of its day, and the generations of customers who faithfully walked through its doors.

By Polly Roberts

24
2018

Through Your Eyes

Mike Karbowski, PhD’76 (PHTX), M.D.

Mike Karbowski, PhD’76 (PHTX), M.D. Photography by Greg Gilbert

Mike Karbowski, PhD’76 (PHTX), M.D., felt drawn to the stand-up bass that was sitting in the corner of the dormitory lounge.

A sophomore at Christian Brothers University in Memphis, Tenn., at the time, he got up from his comfy seat and began plucking away.

“I kept going until the sun came up and I had blisters,” he says. “I thought, ‘Hey, I can play this!’ There was a lot of satisfaction in that.”

He joined The Downhill Singers, and the band won second place in the college talent show.

“I lugged the bass around wherever I went,” Karbowski says.

After earning his bachelor’s degree in chemistry in 1969, Karbowski left Memphis for the University of Michigan to study pharmacology. He later transferred to VCU where he continued his research in the field of narcotics. He also made time for the bass. He and his friends threw together a bluegrass band and played around town whenever they could.

“I really just taught myself to play,” Karbowski says. “The good thing about the bass is you only have to play one note at a time. I practiced whenever I could.”

After completing his Ph.D., Karbowski entered medical school at the University of Chicago. The demands of his studies left little time for music.

“I never had a chance to pull out the bass,” he says. “It collected dust.”

Karbowski moved to Seattle in 1980, for his residency in anesthesiology. He has remained in the city ever since, practicing anesthesiology at Group Health (now Kaiser) for more than 30 years. He was named a Top Doc in Seattle several times before retiring in 2017 as the chief of anesthesiology.

Mike Karbowski, PhD’76 (PHTX), M.D.

Mike Karbowski, PhD’76 (PHTX), M.D. Photography by Greg Gilbert

“I think I went to school longer than anyone I’ve ever met,” Karbowski says. “I was 35 when I finally finished. It took me a while to focus on what I really wanted to do. I knew being in a lab all day conducting research wasn’t for me. I found my passion.”

It wasn’t until about 2000, though, that Karbowski was reunited with his other love. When Karbowski’s daughter invited a friend to visit, the friend’s banjo-playing father spotted Karbowski’s bass and asked if he played. Karbowski replied, “I used to.” Next thing Karbowski knew, he’d been invited to join the banjo player’s bluegrass band, the Weavils.

“It’s been so much fun,” says Karbowski, who has two grown children. “It’s very satisfying to take a piece of music, put instruments together and get people tapping their toes, dancing and clapping their hands.”

The Weavils, a six-member band, primarily performs bluegrass, but the group also plays folk, country, Cajun and even a few Hawaiian tunes. They do a mix of original and cover music at weddings, festivals, charity events, nursing homes and other places around town.

To watch the Weavils  perform, visit www.theweavils.com/videos

To watch the Weavils perform, visit theweavils.com

“Music makes people happy,” Karbowski says. “And it’s provided an outlet for a talent I didn’t even know I had. We have become very close bandmates, and I treasure those friendships.”

Karbowski, 71, also plays competitive senior softball and enjoys fishing.

“Playing the bass and performing with a band is special,” he says. “It’s something I will do for as long as I can. I hope when I die someone tosses my bass in the coffin – just in case I’m not really dead I can keep on plucking.”

By Janet Showalter

24
2018

Why Planned Giving Matters

Thanks to thoughtful planning, the Class of 1912’s Guy R. Fisher didn’t have to choose between taking care of his family and growing the future of his beloved medical school. A charitable remainder trust allowed him to do both — and do them well.

“Through a charitable remainder trust, a donor irrevocably makes a gift to the trust that’s then used to provide beneficiaries a payment stream for their lifetimes,” says Jane Garnet Brown, director of gift planning at the MCV Foundation. “Upon the death of the last beneficiary, the remainder of the trust goes to the charity of the donor ’s choosing. This type of trust is considered a life income plan where the donor and their spouse or other beneficiaries are paid for life — or for a term of years.” Brown says a variety of benefits make a charitable remainder trust appealing to donors.

Tax deduction: You will qualify for federal income tax deduction.

Learn how a Class of 1912 graduate sent a gift to a fourth-year student … 106 years later.Payments for life: The beneficiaries you name — which can include you or someone you name — will receive annual payments for life, or for the period you designate.

No immediate capital gain tax: If you fund the trust with a long-term appreciated asset (assets you have held for more than one year, like appreciated stock) and the trust sells it, there will be no immediate tax on the capital gain. If you were to sell such an asset yourself, you would owe tax on all the capital gain realized in the sale.

Reduced estate costs: Your estate may enjoy reduced probate costs and estate taxes.

Success of next generation: You will provide generous support to the medical school and its future students.

These trusts are flexible in that they can also be used to turn illiquid assets, such as an underused vacation home, jewelry, art or land, into an income stream, making this type of planned gift an ideal choice for donors who are interested in supplementing their income during retirement.

“It’s a great idea if you or a loved one needs extra income in retirement,” Brown says. “You may also continue making gifts to the trust over time. Any year you need a charitable deduction, you can make a gift to the trust, receive a charitable deduction for a portion of y our gift, and your trust payout will increase as well. In a year where you don’t need the trust payment, you can even gift the payment stream back to the trust or give it directly to the School of Medicine.”

Through a partnership with the SunTrust Foundation and Endowment Specialty Practice, the MCV Foundation offers services to invest and administer life income plans such as the charitable remainder trust for donors. “This is a more cost-effective way to establish a charitable remainder trust,” Brown says. “We will handle the establishment of the trust, the sale of trus t assets, the investment management, tax reporting and beneficiary distributions. Our partnership with SunTrust allows us to make this process quite easy for our donors.”

Would you like to learn more about how to use estate planning to your advantage? If you are already speaking with a representative from the School of Medicine about making a gift, please let them know you’ve seen this article and would like more information. To begin a conversation about a planned gift, please talk to a gift officer you know or call the MCV Foundation’s Jane Garnet Brown at (804) 828-4599. The MCV Foundation houses the medical school’s endowment funds and offers planned giving expertise to our alumni and donors.

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Updated: 04/29/2016