Ainissa Ramirez, Ph.D., a journalist and scientist with a passion for inspiring the next generation of STEM learners, will be the keynote speaker for Virginia Commonwealth University’s Student Research Weeks, which run from April 10 to April 25.
Ramirez’s lecture, “STEM: How It Got Here and Where It Needs To Go,” will be held on April 18, from 3:30 p.m. – 5 p.m., in the Student Commons Theater, 907 Floyd Ave.
Ramirez is author of “Save Our Science,” which is based on her TED talk about the importance of STEM education, and co-author of “Newton’s Football: The Science behind America’s Game.”
During her visit to VCU, Ramirez will take attendees through a brief history of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education and discuss the connection between how lessons were taught in the past and the technology of the day. She will talk about the needs of the 21st century, which requires a new kind of learner — a student who can think expansively and solve problems resourcefully, versus one who can simply churn out answers by rote.
In order to solve the complex problems of tomorrow, the traditional academic skills of the three “Rs” – “reading, ‘riting, and ‘rithmetic” – must be exchanged with a new emphasis on creativity, curiosity, critical thinking, problem solving and collaboration, according to Ramirez. These are skills inherent in scientific research. Ramirez will make a case for a recommitment to improving schools, and she will propose a plan to increase every child’s participation in STEM.
Ramirez is a former associate professor of mechanical engineering and materials science at Yale University. Prior to that she was a member of technical staff at Bell Laboratories, where she developed a universal solder (a reactive solder that bonds to glass) for which she was awarded MIT Technology Review’s TR100 award in 2003. You can find her work at Material Marvels and Science Xplained. Ramirez received her training in materials science and engineering from Brown University (Sc.B.) and Stanford University (Ph.D.).
The lecture is co-sponsored by the STS Program, the VCU Office of the Provost, the VCU School of Education and the VCU School of Engineering.
VCU Student Research Weeks bring together undergraduate and graduate students from across disciplines to celebrate research and creative and scholarly projects. The event, which has grown in size and participation in the past four years, is an opportunity for undergraduate and graduate students to present overviews of their current projects, theses or dissertations.
These projects span many academic disciplines, including interdisciplinary studies, the College of Humanities and Sciences and the schools of allied health professions, arts, business, education, engineering, medicine, nursing, pharmacy and social work. Students will be available to demonstrate and discuss their projects.
For more information about this event, contact Karen Rader at (804) 828-9642.
For a complete schedule of VCU Student Research Weeks events visit http://www.research.vcu.edu/ugresources/research-week_2014.htm.
By Mike Porter
Tuesday, April 15, 2014
A Virginia Commonwealth University student has been awarded the Goldwater Scholarship, the premier national scholarship for undergraduate science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) students.
Nicolas “Nico” Andrade, a sophomore, will receive scholarship funding to cover the cost of tuition, fees, books and room and board up to a maximum of $7,500 per year. Andrade, a member of the VCU Honors College, is majoring in electrical engineering through the School of Engineering and physics through the College of Humanities and Sciences. He is the 10th VCU student to be awarded a Goldwater Scholarship since 2007.
“We are excited for Nico on his well-deserved selection as a 2014 Goldwater Scholar. He joins a distinguished group of outstanding VCU undergraduate research students who have received this honor,” said Michael Rao, Ph.D., president of VCU. “We also want to acknowledge the important role of Nico’s research mentor, Dr. Ümit Özgür, in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. VCU’s emphasis on the undergraduate research experience ensures that future students will continue to be competitive for Goldwater Scholarships and admission to the top graduate programs in their field of study. It is another benefit of the university’s status as a top research university.”
Andrade, who is from Mechanicsville, is a 2012 graduate of the Maggie L. Walker Governor’s School in Richmond. After completing his bachelor’s degree, he plans to pursue a Ph.D. in electrical engineering. In graduate school, he intends to conduct research in optoelectronics to improve the efficiency of light emitters. After his graduate studies, he plans to continue to pursue translational research in optoelectronics devices while teaching at a university level.
The Goldwater Scholarship Program, which honors the late Sen. Barry M. Goldwater, was designed to foster and encourage outstanding undergraduate students to pursue careers in the fields of mathematics, the natural sciences and engineering.
Andrade applied for the Goldwater Scholarship through the National Scholarship Office, which assists VCU students and alumni who wish to compete for prestigious national and international scholarships.
Read the full article by Mike Porter: http://news.vcu.edu/students/VCU_student_earns_Goldwater_Scholarship
Undergraduate explores importance of familismo for Latino college students
Monday, April 14, 2014
In the beginning stages of her research career, Vanessa Fuentes has already found her passion. In a topic area that hits close to home, Fuentes is exploring cultural factors that play into mental health problems among college students.
“There has been a rise in mental health issues in college-aged Latinos in recent years,” said Fuentes, a senior psychology student in the College of Humanities and Sciences at Virginia Commonwealth University. “I wanted to explore whether cultural factors, such as ethnic identity and familismo, buffer the relationship between stress, discrimination and mental health outcomes in Latino college students. Familismo is the close bond between immediate and extended family members in the Latino community.”
Fuentes applied for and received a VCU Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program summer fellowship that allowed her to create her own research experience and project.
“UROP provided a great steppingstone for me and gave me amazing exposure to learning the process of research,” Fuentes said. “Through the UROP fellowship, I worked with my mentor, Dr. Rosalie Corona, and developed the research project on my own. It was very nice to have that flexibility. I was able to create my own research experience.”
For her research project, “How Does Culture Affect Latino College Students’ Mental Health?” Fuentes analyzed data collected from 198 Latino young adults who were recruited from two universities. These participants completed several questionnaires.
Seventy percent of participants reported minimal to mild symptoms of depression and 15 percent reported moderate to severe depressive symptoms. The results showed cultural factors were related to mental health outcomes and that close ties to family, or familismo, moderates the relationship between acculturative stress and mental health problems.
“I found that higher levels of familismo served as a protective factor against depression, anxiety and acculturative stress symptoms,” Fuentes said.
Read the full article by Frances Dumenci: http://news.vcu.edu/article/True_detective_Vanessa_Fuentes
Student learns how research can move from the lab to the patient bedside
Monday, April 14, 2014
When Nathalie Spita decided to take her learning beyond the classroom and into the laboratory, she didn’t fully grasp how basic scientific findings could one day translate to help and hope for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI).
Spita, a senior biology major in the College of Humanities and Sciences at Virginia Commonwealth University, spent her summer as part of a research team in the laboratory of Andrew K. Ottens, Ph.D., assistant professor of anatomy and neurobiologyin the VCU School of Medicine. The focus there is to develop improved diagnostics and prognostics for TBI patient care.
Under Ottens’ guidance, Spita got a taste of the discovery process and began to understand the trials and tribulations of biomedical research.
“Being able to be a major part of a hands-on project allowed me to learn firsthand the amount of time, dedication, hard work and knowledge it takes to complete only a small part of a bigger project,” Spita said.
Spita has always had an interest in neuroscience. She was hooked on the TBI project from the beginning. She said what compelled her most was its direct clinical relevance.
“It was very important to gain exposure to research as an undergraduate at this stage of my education to actually understand this side of science and medicine,” Spita said. “It allowed me to finally use knowledge I have gained in my undergraduate classes and apply it to a real life experience, which has really been the best possible opportunity of my undergraduate career.”
Spita has plans to apply to medical school at the end of the year. She hopes to one day incorporate research into her career.
Spita was matched with Ottens through the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program at VCU.
In Ottens’ lab, Spita evaluated how the TBI molecular signature evolves during the course of acute inpatient brain injury rehabilitation. The researchers have newly identified several neuroplastic molecular factors present within the urine of TBI patients. Their focus was to determine how this signature changed following two weeks of inpatient rehabilitation and to evaluate correlation with functional measures at discharge.
“UROP provided me with the means to be completely submerged into research,” Spita said. “Seeing and learning what it means to be a part of cutting-edge biomedical research has truly been an eye-opening experience that has changed my academic experience entirely.”
Read the full article by Sathya Achia Abraham: http://news.vcu.edu/article/True_detective_Nathalie_Spita
English and African-American studies double major investigates the tobacco industry’s ties to slavery in the 18th and 19th centuries
Monday, April 14, 2014
Over the past few months, Tess Simms, a senior Virginia Commonwealth University student, has been digging through historical documents and texts, finding stories that show how Richmond’s tobacco industry was intertwined with slave labor in the 18th and 19th centuries. The stories, she said, demonstrate the ways that “the tobacco industries were carried to success by enslaved people … in Richmond.”
Simms, a double major in English and African-American studies from Bumpass, Va., is a research intern for Aashir Nasim, Ph.D., an associate professor of psychology and chair of VCU’s Department of African American Studies in the College of Humanities and Sciences.
As part of her internship, Simms is writing a series of research-based articles highlighting the role rural and urban slaves played in the growing and manufacturing of tobacco products in Richmond and the surrounding region.
“Her research on Richmond’s tobacco industry provides an important historical context or marker for slave rebellions in this area; and seminal events such as Henry ‘Box’ Brown’s escape to freedom that few would know to link to a well-known tobacconist in Richmond during this era,” Nasim said. “Tess’ research narrative is transdisciplinary in that it has important implications for better understanding Richmond’s culture, history and political economy.”
Her first article, “Henry ‘Box’ Brown: At the Intersection of Two Peculiar Institutions,” was posted in late February and tells the story of Henry Brown, a Richmond slave who escaped by having himself mailed in a wooden crate to abolitionists in Philadelphia. In the article, Simms describes how Brown was one of 120 slaves who worked in a Richmond tobacco factory.
“Few may know the conditions under which Brown worked and lived that finally forced him to escape the slavery-based tobacco industry,” Simms writes. “Like other enslaved men in the factory, Brown worked six days per week, ten hours per day. He was specialized in twisting tobacco, a skill that was very valuable in the 1830s tobacco market.”
According to the article, Brown’s story has ties to the modern-day tobacco industry.
“Life in the factory became especially difficult with the hiring of the overseer John F. Allen,” she writes. “Allen is best known today for his partnership with Lewis Ginter to create Allen & Ginter Tobacco Co., which eventually evolved into what’s now the Fortune 500 company Philip Morris International.”
Read the full article by Brian McNeill: http://news.vcu.edu/article/True_detective_Tess_Simms
Art student learns how to apply armatures in large-scale figurative ceramics
Monday, April 14, 2014
Imagine a large clay sculpture of a giant iguana smoking a cigarette on roller skates on a lit disco floor platform.
Once complete, it will be the latest creation from Michelle Florence, an undergraduate student in the Department of Craft/Material Studies in the Virginia Commonwealth University School of the Arts.
“My work is reactionary and metaphorical,” said Florence, who has a concentration in ceramics. “More often than not, I’ll try to describe a thought or idea in conversation and an image pops to mind. I make the image real.”
Florence has been working with clay as a medium in the creation of large-scale ceramic sculpture with a focus on gaining a practical understanding of large armatures and the structure and stability of a sculpture.
An armature is a rigid structure used to support a softer, more supple material, such as clay, for sculptural purposes.
“In contemporary ceramics, artists utilize armatures to create large figurative ceramic sculptures through the process of sculpting a solid form which is dried to leather hardness for structural strength and then removed in sections from the armature, hollowed out and reassembled,” Florence said.
Early last year, she decided she wanted to spend her summer months in the studio with her hands immersed in clay, rather than working for an hourly wage elsewhere.
So when she heard of the Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program, she went for it.
“All learning is good learning,” she said.
“Any opportunity to gain greater technical expertise with the material is important at this stage. It also gave me the opportunity to learn the responsibilities and logistics of working independently through ordering my own supplies and managing a budget.”
Through the UROP fellowship, Florence is being mentored by Andréa Connell, assistant professor of ceramics in the Department of Craft/Materials Studies. From Connell, Florence has gained technical expertise, such as knowledge about what type of clay body to use, how to figure out how much material is needed for a project, the type of epoxies to use and how to use them, how to treat a surface, and much more.
“Working at this scale provided Michelle with the knowledge, technical skill and confidence needed to build anything,” Connell said.
“One of the most important things that UROP does is provide an undergraduate student with the understanding that their ideas are valuable and worthy of exploration. This tells me that VCU believes in the potential of their students, and their faculty,” she said.
Read the full article by Sathya Achia Abraham: http://news.vcu.edu/article/True_detective_Michelle_Florence
Student seeks answers to why some individuals shy away from HIV testing
Monday, April 14, 2014
For Danielle Armstrong, conducting data collection and crunching the numbers is not the fun part of research. Instead, studying why people behave the way they do is what she enjoys. Her research could help save lives by showing how to encourage people to utilize resources already widely — and sometimes freely — available.
Armstrong, a senior majoring in psychology in the Virginia Commonwealth University College of Humanities and Sciences, has been working with the Raise 5 Project and the Fan Free Clinic to engage with African-American college students about their attitudes toward HIV testing. Attributes studied included gender, religiosity and sexual orientation and were correlated to that person’s attitude and behavior toward testing. Through data collection and studying behaviors, Armstrong hopes to understand why some people do — or don’t — get tested for HIV.
“I’ve learned what it takes to do research, from start to finish,” Armstrong said.
Organizations such as Raise 5 and the Fan Free Clinic offer resources such as information sessions, intervention recruitment and free oral HIV screening to students and members of the Richmond community. These organizations aid efforts to reach out to those affected and lead them to the information or assistance they need. However, many at-risk or infected individuals choose to ignore or simply turn away from testing or assistance.
Armstrong hopes her research will identify reasons behind this phenomenon in order to improve prevention and increase education about HIV.
While retrieving data for a project like this may be a grinding task, the statistics and correlations she develops could display which attitudes play a role in HIV testing and what can be done to fix them. And Armstrong’s desire to help people fuels her research and data collection.
Read the full article by Jordan Hairr: http://news.vcu.edu/article/True_detective_Danielle_Armstrong
The VCU IMSD Program – Initiative to Maximize Student Diversity
The VCU MARC Program – Minority Access to Research careers
Both programs are funded by the National Institute of Health to promote diversity in the Biomedical Sciences Workforce. Both offer a year-round mentored research experiences with VCU faculty with additional enrichment and career development activities. Both offer some summer and semester stipend support and travel money to attend a national research conference
VCU-IMSD is seeking applicants with 3 or more remaining semesters at VCU and a GPA >2.5
VCU-MARC is a 2 year program for the junior and senior years applicants should have a GPA 3.2 higher
Successful applicants should have a deep interest in research and a desire to pursue a career or further graduate study in biomedical science research. Applicants must be VCU students and hold US citizenship, permanent resident or non-citizen national status
For further information on both programs or to apply online go to: http://www.healthdisparities.vcu.edu/?id=1339&sid=10
Or email COHDtraining@vcu.edu
PRIORITY DEADLINE: April 15th 2014