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Heat Exchanger Design Handbook Online: Standard reference on heat exchangers

U-Tube Heat Exchanger

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VCU Libraries has recently acquired a new resource. The Heat Exchanger Design Handbook is a standard reference source for design and other information on heat transfer, heat exchanger and other associated technologies. This online resource is the updated and expanded electronic version of the print. It covers all aspects of heat exchanger design and operation, including the basic design methodology, the associated heat transfer and fluid flow technology and the physical data required for design.

The resource is broken into five volumes. All are searchable simultaneously using keyword or phrase, author or editor:

  • Volume 1 sets the scene to present basic theory of heat exchanger and generic application technology.
  • Volume 2 gives the fundamentals of heat and mass transfer and fluid mechanics.
  • Volume 3 addresses the design of thermal and hydraulic heat exchangers.
  • Volume 4 describes mechanical design of heat exchangers and basic mechanical principles.
  • Volume 5 gives the physical properties

All volumes can be searched simultaneously but the results show the volume from which they were retrieved. For example, a simple search using the phrase “tube exchanger design” produces articles from volume 4 that give the specification and design codes for designing shell and tube heat exchangers,

Faculty and students, will find this resource very useful, particularly for senior design projects.

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By Ibironke Lawal, science and engineering collections librarian

Image: H Padleckas, Wikimedia Commons

Merck Index Online: for research and everyday

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Merck Index Online is an authoritative source of information on chemicals, drugs and biologicals. You an search or browse its more than 11,000 monographs (chemical compounds) that can be explored for research and everyday practical purposes. Ideal for quick searches to reveal the properties of compounds and biologicals, Merck Index Online provides identifiers such as CAS Registry Number and structure. It also gives the molecular formula, molecular weight and melting point as well as Trademark names.

Structure search is simplified by the ‘convert’ feature, which allows for inserting a compound name and then converting it to a structure to enable a substructure or exact structure search. It has more than 500 organic named reactions (ONR) which have been recognized and referred to by name within the chemistry community, for example, the Ehrlich-Sachs Reaction (1899). Attached to each ONR are relevant references including that of the original description. All references are from scholarly journals, encyclopedias and handbooks. Apart from properties, all records have appropriate sections that describe them, depending on the type of compound. One example is the “Therapeutic Category” under Classifications, which is useful for identifying uses of compounds and their derivatives in healing, re: Glybuzole – Trademark name – Gludiase as an antidiabetic. The database is further enhanced by its 28 reference tables.

Merck Index Online is valuable to researchers, faculty and students in basic science, chemistry, pharmacy, chemical and life science engineering, biomedical sciences, dentistry, allied health, and medicine. It is also useful for everyday practical purposes such as information on additives or components, nutrients, minerals, and proteins. For example, get all the information for the cooking spice, nutmeg, its uses in flavoring food and beverages, nutmeg oil as a fragrance in soaps, detergents, creams, lotions, perfumes, and candles.

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By Ibironke Lawal, engineering and science collections librarian

Image: First issue, titled Merck’s Index

MathSciNet: New features expand ease-of-use

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MathSciNet, the primary databases for mathematical sciences literature, offers some new features.

  • Search results can now be sorted by publication date, journal title or number of citations.
  • New facets allow users to filter and refine results by item type, author, institution, journal, date and primary classification.

The AMS has announced that more upgrades are on their way, including search alerts. When this feature arrives, users will be able to get notifications about author citation counts, new issues and new results to saved searches.

For complete details about the changes

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By Martha Roseberry, science and engineering research librarian

Image: E8 Petrie projection by Jgmoxness

Engineering Village: New Numeric Search

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Engineering Village now offers a tool to display only those results that contain measurements at a specific value or range in their titles or abstracts.

If you’re looking for a measurement in nanometers, the numeric search will automatically convert units and recognize the same values, even if the abstract expresses units in Angstroms, microns, meters, or some other unit of length. For example, if you are interested in high-temperature superconductors, you can specify exactly what temperature to exceed.

To use the numeric search, first perform a search in Engineering Village, then open the numeric filter bar on the left-hand side of the results to enter the numbers and units.

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By Julie Arendt, science and engineering research librarian

Image: Pay, Numbers, Infinity, Digits by geralt

What are “standards” and how to get them

512px-Prototype_kilogram_replica

Standards are documents detailing specifications researchers adhere to in designing new products, systems and processes in order to ensure minimum performance stipulations, safety, consistency and repeatability.

VCU Libraries can provide digital copies of standards usually within one hour of a patron making the request. This standards-on-demand program uses a vendor that supplies standards from organizations and societies including:

  • American National Standards Institute (ANSI);
  • American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE);
  • American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME);
  • Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE International);
  • International Organization for Standardization ISO.

In addition, American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Digital Library and IEEE Xplore provide thousands of standards from their respective organizations, and VCU Libraries provides access to these standards without a wait.

How to request standards

Students, faculty and staff can contact Ibironke Lawal (804) 828-8739 or ilawal@vcu.edu.

By Ibironke Lawal, science and engineering collections librarian

Image: Prototype kilogram replica, Japs 88, Wikimedia Commons

Engineering Research Database: Technological advancement

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The Engineering Research Database connects users with 11 different engineering databases and some 100,000 new records each year. There are more than 3,500 periodicals, conference proceedings, technical reports, trade journals, patents, books and press releases that the information is taken from. These databases contain information on civil engineering, biotechnology and much more. It contains subjects on aircraft design, magnetic levitation railways and many others to discover.

Information provided dates back to 1966. The platform tracks your recent searches and selected documents.

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By Katlyn Pierre, public relations intern. For more information about this resource or others

Image: Creative Commons

Engineering Village: Research in engineering and physics

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Engineering Village is the
major database platform VCU Libraries provides for locating research papers in engineering. Something for nearly every conceivable engineering research topic, no matter how obscure, can be found there.

At VCU, Engineering Village has three science and engineering databases with less memorable names:

Ei Compendex

  • Broad and deep indexing of engineering
  • International scope, including papers in languages other than English
  • Includes conference presentations, not just journal articles
  • Built from the Engineering Index, with content going back to the 1874,  Ei Compendex is useful for locating primary sources in the history of technology
  • About 25,000 records added to it per week or 1.25 million per year

Inspec

  • Physics plus engineering and computer science sources
  • Deep indexing

NTIS

  • Reports from federally-funded research submitted to the National Technical Information Service
  • Saves the extra step of going to the NTIS site to search for them
  • Engineering Village gives a full-text link that connects to the NTIS site to order the reports there. Once a report is found in Engineering Village, it usually is less expensive to type in the title of a report into a search engine and access a free copy of the report on the agency’s site or to use interlibrary loan to get a copy via VCU Libraries.

By default, Engineering Village searches all three of these databases, but the databases can be searched individually by changing the check marks on the search screen.

The search box in Engineering Village uses the “controlled terms” from Ei Compendex to offer suggestions for what terminology to use. For exampling, if “fracking” is typed into the search box, it will suggest searching for “hydraulic fracturing.” By using this suggestion, Ei Compendex will retrieve all of the results it has tagged as being about hydraulic fracturing, regardless of whether the authors used that phrase or just the word “fracking.” Engineering Village also displays these controlled terms on the left side of the results screen. This is a valuable shortcut for narrowing results to a precise topic and a way to discover the vocabulary of a subject area.

Because the three databases in Engineering Village are indexing only databases, Engineering Village does not include complete articles. The easiest way to get to full-text papers is to use the Get it @ VCU button to connect back to VCU Libraries. For the articles, conference papers and reports that VCU Libraries doesn’t have, the library can still get them for VCU students, faculty and staff via Interlibrary Loan.

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By Julie Arendt, science and engineering research librarian 

Image: Zero Engineering Type 5, Thesupermat, Wikimedia Commons

Knovel Library: Engineering research resources

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Knovel Library provides users  with technical information in engineering and applied science.

Information comes from books, conference proceedings, databases and other materials from more than 100 sources.

Interactive tables and graphs display data in clear ways.  Users can download materials in a PDF or an Excel spreadsheet.

Knovel also contains a feature called interactive equations, which solve various problems in the field of chemistry, engineering and more. Users can use and save sample equations or enter ones of their own for Knovel to solve.

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By Katlyn Pierre, public relations intern. For more information about this resource or others

Image: Creative Commons

Directory of Published Proceedings: Paper database

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The Directory of Published Proceedings offers users access to research papers from all over the world. The site provides categories, ranging from science and technology to economics and finance.

Use the Directory of Published Proceedings to find articles on pollution control and ecology or science and technology. There are articles like “Energy, Power & Facility Management Strategies & Technologies 2014-2015” from the United States or “A Real-Time Testbed for Routing Network” from Bulgaria.

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By Katlyn Pierre, public relations intern. For more information about this resource or others 

Image: Creative Commons

The Vernacular Tradition: A video account of math manuscripts

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The Vernacular Tradition
James Branch Cabell Library Storage
QA21 .V47 1987

This video gives a fascinating narration
of early mathematics text written in the vernacular language. The Vernacular Tradition, as the title implies, explores the translation of mathematics written with practical application to everyday life. It gives an account of problem solving using mathematical methods. One example is the system of double-entry bookkeeping used in accounting.

Two remarkable works are mentioned in the video, one Greek and one Italian. The Italian work, Summa de Arithmetica, Geometria, Proportioni et Proportionalita, written by Luca Pacioli, was published in 1494. The narrator takes the viewer through translations of this rare book, which is in the collection of the Cambridge University Library. Hearing and following the narrator through the chapters of this remarkable Renaissance scholarly work is the next best thing to reading the book itself.

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By Ibironke Lawal, engineering and science collections librarian

Image: Creative Commons

Material ConneXion: Inspiration supplier

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Artists and designers browse Material ConneXion Database for ideas and inspiration. Engineers and innovators search this resource for new materials that meet unique performance needs. It also offers photographs of more than 7,000 advanced materials.

Fifty to 60 juried, selected materials are added to the database each month. Selected materials are beautiful, functional, sustainable and interesting. Material ConneXion includes many types of materials, including textiles, plastics, ceramics, metals and glass.

The advanced search area allows exploration and discovery. It has an option to search for materials with particular properties, such as heat resistance or colorfastness, without entering any search terms. Material ConneXion includes options for locating certified materials as well.

Material suppliers’ contact information is provided. A built-in email form makes it easy to request samples and price quotes. In regular updates, entries for materials that are discontinued and unavailable are removed from the database.

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By Julie Arendt, science and engineering research librarian

Image: Koroyd, Material ConneXion Materials Database

Digital-Tutors: Online training library

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Digital-Tutors, a vast online video training library, presents professional instruction that is accessible and comprehensive. Designed by industry professionals, video tutorials assist artists and designers in developing skills and learning the latest techniques for two-dimensional and three-dimensional digital art, game development, video and video effects.

With more than 24,000 videos and constantly growing, Digital-Tutors is the largest resource of its kind with training that ranges from learning basics of a program such as Photoshop to advanced instruction for scripting in Nuke. Tutorials cover major design software as well as smaller, more specific programs. These include: Adobe design and photography software, Maya, Zbrush, Cinema 4D and many more.

Members of the VCU community first must create a member account and log in to our group.

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Image: Digital-Tutors website